The Four Basic Food Groups is an outdated concept drilled into all of us from an early age.
However, it is still widely accepted as the basic outline of a healthy balanced diet. It is outdated only because
the emphasis on nutritional education has shifted and not because the concept is not valid. Indeed, these four
groups have stood the test of time and still hold true today.
The 4 food groups consist of:
1) Meat Group - meats, poultry, fish, dry beans & peas, eggs, and nuts.
2) Dairy Group - milk, cheese, and yogurt
3) Grain Group - bread, pasta, cereal
4) Fruits and Vegetables Group
Nutritional education is needed now more than ever before. It is necessary to identify with
the importance of lowering saturated fat intake and eating more fresh fruits and vegetables to stay
While the basic four groups will never change, the Basic Four Groups were updated in 1992 by
the Physicians Committee For Responsible Medicine (PCRM) as follows:
1) Whole Grain Group - 5 servings a day
2) Legume (bean) and Soy Foods Group - 5 servings a day
3) Vegetable Group - 3 servings a day
4) Fruit Group - 3 servings a day
The PCRM is a Washington based, non-profit organization formed in 1985 that advocates and
lobbies for a healthier society and high ethical standards in the medical profession. Their focus on preventative
medicine through proper nutrition. This only proves that we must be responsible with educating ourselves about
proper food and diet. Learning about basic food groups is important.
In the end, it is simply enough to say that common sense should prevail. The old sayings are
still true. An apple a day...keeps the doctor away. Get plenty of rest, drink lots of water, and eat healthy.
Healthy eating starts with being educated about the right foods to eat. And finally, get plenty of
Back To Top